Pulmonary atelectasis is a pathological change in which the bronchi or fine bronchi are narrowed or even blocked, resulting in the inability to ventilate the innervated lung tissues, gradual reduction of the original gas absorption, atrophy of the alveoli and alveolar ducts, and solid lung tissue. The following conditions can lead to pulmonary atelectasis: 1, foreign body blockage, when the foreign body blocking the bronchus and its branches, can be present pulmonary atelectasis, blocking pneumonia, then to remove the foreign body under bronchoscopy. 2, chronic inflammation, if the patient is due to chronic inflammation and pulmonary atelectasis, the first anti-infection treatment, generally need to use cephalosporin, penicillin, azithromycin, levofloxacin and other related 3, tuberculosis can appear pulmonary atelectasis, when diagnosed with tuberculosis, to carry out anti-tuberculosis treatment, commonly used drugs include isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, streptomycin, etc., if necessary, bronchoscopic local administration, as well as bronchoscopic treatment. 4, lung tumors can appear pulmonary atelectasis, if the patient is diagnosed with lung tumors, surgery can be considered treatment, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or target cell drug treatment. When a patient has pulmonary atelectasis, he/she should consult a doctor in time to get a clear diagnosis and targeted treatment.
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