Basics of male breast cancer

  Breast cancer is commonly thought to occur only in women, but in rare cases men can also develop breast cancer, which grows in a small amount of breast tissue behind the male nipple and usually occurs in men over the age of 60, but occasionally in younger men.  Symptoms of male breast cancer include a breast lump – usually hard, painless and does not move within the breast, nipple turning inward, fluid leaking from the nipple (nipple discharge), which may be bloody, sores or rashes around the nipple that do not go away hardening, redness or swelling of the nipple or surrounding skin, small lumps in the armpit, etc.  If breast lumps and nipple discharge are found, it is recommended to seek prompt medical attention, especially for patients with a family history of breast cancer. Blood tests can also be performed to detect the presence of relevant genes at high risk of breast cancer and to understand the risk of developing breast cancer in question.  The specific treatment options for male breast cancer depend on how far the cancer has spread and include surgery to remove the affected breast tissue, nipple and some glands in the armpit, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, etc. If caught early, it is possible to cure breast cancer. However, if the cancer has spread beyond the breast, a cure is found to be much less likely, but aggressive treatment can relieve symptoms and prolong survival.  The exact cause of male breast cancer is not known, but certain conditions can increase your risk of developing breast cancer. Such as genetic and family history of the disease, abnormal estrogen levels in the body – including obesity, Klebsiella syndrome and cirrhosis of the liver, and patients who have undergone radiation therapy to the chest. A balanced diet is recommended on a daily basis, and obese patients should lose weight and also avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.

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