Trachoma symptoms and treatment

  Trachoma is a chronic, infectious eye disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis that can cause blindness and severe visual impairment. Its occurrence and development are closely related to the social environment, hygiene habits, living conditions, living environment, medical conditions and other factors, caused by microbial Chlamydia trachomatis serotype A, B, C or Ba infection, active trachoma is mostly seen in children.  Acute trachoma may also cause photophobia, tearing, and mucus or mucopurulent discharge. On ophthalmologic examination, vague vascular congestion in the superior dome and upper lid conjunctiva, papillary hyperplasia or follicular formation, corneal opacification, scarring of the superior dome and/or upper lid conjunctiva, and conjunctival scraping may reveal Trachoma inclusion bodies can be found on conjunctival scrapings.  Treatment of trachoma includes systemic and topical ocular medications and management of complications. The WHO recommended treatment regimen in trachoma control is: 1. Azithromycin: The usage is 20 mg/kg once a year for 3 years. Only once a year orally, good compliance with medication and less side effects, can be the drug of choice. 2, 1% tetracycline ophthalmic ointment, twice a day, applied to the conjunctival sac for 6 weeks. 3, facial cleanliness: diligent face washing to keep the face clean can effectively prevent and treat trachoma, while avoiding mixing basins and towels. 4, environmental improvement: improve the water supply, sanitation and living environment by changing water and toilets and strengthening publicity Trachoma can be effectively prevented.  In endemic areas, re-infection of trachoma is common and often requires repeated treatment, so preventive measures are especially important.

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