Immunological infertility is infertility caused by immunological factors, often referring to abnormalities in a woman’s own immune system, which affects the union of sperm and egg or directly affects the entry of sperm, resulting in a woman’s inability to conceive naturally. Immune infertility is commonly found in the following types: 1. Anti-sperm antibodies: Anti-sperm antibodies are a common cause of immune infertility. Inflammation of the female reproductive tract increases local exudation, immune cells enter the reproductive tract, and anti-sperm antibodies appear in the local reproductive tract and in the serum, and anti-sperm antibodies affect sperm vitality and prevent the combination of sperm and egg, which in turn leads to infertility; 2. Anti-endometrial antibodies: If the endometrium 2. Anti-endometrial antibodies: If the endometrium has a large number of immune cells, under normal circumstances these cells are good for embryo implantation, but when the immune cells become abnormal, it will lead to implantation failure, thus causing infertility; 3. Anti-egg antibodies: If some secretions of the woman overflow the reproductive tract and trigger autoimmunity, it will affect the growth of eggs, thus leading to infertility.
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